"All perceiving is also thinking, all reasoning is also intuition, all observation is also invention. "
- Rudolf Arnheim
Have you ever wondered what are the different types of fabrics used in clothing? Because they are such a basic part of clothes, choosing the right type of fabric is the most important step in apparel manufacturing.
The quality of fabric influences the quality of the garment and also affects the smoothness of the production process. Selecting the appropriate fabric is the most difficult task for the manufacturers. Hence, understanding the various kinds of fabrics and their properties is essential.
So, without further ado, here are the different fabrics and their uses
by apparel manufacturers:
Woven Fabrics :
This systematic looking types of fabrics are made by intertwining two groups of yarns perpendicular to each other, which makes it more durable. It can be easily cut into different shapes to make beautiful styles. Some examples of the woven fabric are Satin, Denim, Corduroy, Flannel, Muslin, Chiffon, and Georgette, among others.
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Knitted Fabrics :
Knitting is the process of creating a fabric with one or more groups of yarns by a system of interloping loops of the yarn. The yarns are formed into rows of loops into which other rows are interlaced.
There are two types of knitting based on how the loops are made: Weft and Warp.
The Weft Knitted fabrics are – Jersey, Rib, Purl, Tuck, and Interlock.
Some of the Warp knitted fabrics are – Tricots, Raschel knits, Milanese, Fleece, and Intarsia.
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Matted Fabrics (felted and non-woven) :
Felts are directly produced from fibers by matting the fibers in a sheet form. This is achieved with the help of heat, moisture, and pressure. This soft fabric can be made of natural fibers like wool or animal fur or from synthetic fibers such as acrylic or rayon.
Furs and Leather :
These commonly used cross weave fabric and dobby weave fabric are slightly more expensive but give a smooth and rich feel to the wearer. Leathers and furs have restricted sizes because their source is skins and hides. The finished leather products have a shiny, smooth finish, whereas furs give comfort and warmth.
You must be wondering why all this information about fabrics is necessary. But we say, in this era of making informed choices and being aware of what your clothes are made of, it is extremely essential for everyone to have a basic knowledge of all the beautiful fabrics out there.
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