"The beginning of wisdom is found in doubting; by doubting we come to the question, and by seeking we may come upon the truth. "
- Pierre Abelard
Crunchy,chewy, gooey and all around just plain delicious – cookies are one of the most homey yet gourmet desserts you can make and eat. With a tantalizing aroma that fills your kitchen as it bakes and a mouth-watering taste, cookies are relatively easy to make and very diverse in its selection of flavours, shapes, and textures.
In this article, you will find out everything you need to know about cookies from the different types of cookies, to how to classify them and ten varieties of cookies you definitely have to try out at least once.
How to bake different types of cookies?
The various methods in which you can bake cookies makes a huge difference in the taste and textures between different cookies.
Some of the baking methods are as follows :
Drop cookies :
This a popular method in which cookies are baked by dropping spoonfuls of cookie dough onto the baking sheet. The dough flattens, expands and spreads during the baking process.
Rolled cookies :
These cookies are made with dough which has been refrigerated and then rolled out with a rolling pin and cut with a knife, cookie cutter, or pastry wheel. Usually, these cookies are baked and then frosted or decorated with sprinkles, sugar, jam or other treats.
Pressed cookies :
Made by pushing soft cookie dough from a press or pastry bag through decorative disks to create an array of shapes before baking.
No bake cookies :
This baking method requires no time in the oven as these cookies are made by mixing ingredients such as oats, nuts, or another type of filler with a sticky batter which is then rolled into balls or pressed into a pan ( or cut into bars) and then cooled to harden.
Now that you know the wide classification of cookies based on baking methods. Here are ten different types of cookies you can make using any of the above methods.
Chocolate Chip Cookies
A classic like no other, there are very few in this world who don’t enjoy chocolate chip cookies. Usually made using a drop method, these are versatile in terms of texture and taste, and can either be soft and chewy or crispy and crunchy depending on ingredients used, baking time and your own preference. No matter how it’s made, one thing you can be sure of – it will taste absolutely delicious!
Made with large amounts of butter or shortening – from which the name for this type of cookie is derived – shortbread cookies are usually made with low amounts of flour and sugar using the method of freezing the dough and rolling it out. Due to the ratio of ingredients used, these cookies have a crumbly , melt-in-your-mouth texture. Shortbread cookies are the ideal teatime snack, with its sweet but slightly salty taste.
These meringue-based cookies are made using the pressed method, using a dough using ingredients such as almond meal, egg whites, and powdered sugar with a creme ganache in the middle. Macarons boast a delicate outer cookie shell with chewy, flavourful meringue texture in the centre, on the inside.
Despite similar names, a macaroon is very different from a macaron. Macaroons are coconut-based cookies with a dense, lumpy but chewy texture and a mild, sweet flavour. If you’re in the mood to indulge yourself, macaroons are the perfect cookie to dip in chocolate.
With a name that points to its baking method, biscotti – which means “twice baked”- are cookies that are baked twice giving it a hard and crunchy texture. Biscotti actually means “twice baked” and the cookie is indeed baked twice, resulting in its hard and crunchy texture. Biscotti cookies can be found in a wide range of flavours and paired with various types of toppings such as plain almond, double chocolate etc.
If you’re not a fan of chocolate, then chances are sugar cookies are the other classic choice you might turn out. Made using a rolled method- where the dough is rolled out and cut into shapes- with very basic ingredients like sugar, flour, butter, and vanilla, sugar cookies are super easy to make and super delicious to boot. In addition, sugar cookies can be decorated with icing, sprinkles, or coloured sugar to make it extra special.
Oatmeal Raisin Cookies
Made with oats, and contains raisins and brown sugar using the drop method, oatmeal raisin cookies can either be crispy and crunchy or chewy depending on the ingredients you use and how long you bake them. This is a cookie that’s homely, hearty – the kind of dessert you turn to for comfort.
Nothing says Christmas is here like gingerbread cookies. Made with spices galore, including cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, and molasses, this ultimate holiday treat is made by rolling out the dough and cutting into the shape of a man. It’s of course then decorated with the classic white icing and extra treats.
Known for its cracked surface, snickerdoodle cookies are made with butter, sugar, and flour mixed with cream of tartar and baking soda to make the dough rise slightly. It’s another warm, homey type of cookie coated in cinnamon and sugar.
Recognisable as the as the type of cookie that comes with Chinese takeout, fortune cookies which made with flour, sugar, vanilla, and just a splash of sesame oil is more about the “fortune” element of the paper inside, than it is about the taste – but there’s quite an effort involved in shaping these cookies classic crescent shape while the dough is still hot from the oven. If you taste it, you’ll know it’s quite crunchy, mildly sweet and enjoyable!
Is your mouth watering yet? What are you waiting for? Go try some or all of these cookies!